Periodontal maintenance involves the periodic removal of infection-causing bacteria and plaque from the gums in patients who have a history of periodontal disease. At Kevin Kay DDS Family & Cosmetic Dentistry, Dr. Kevin Kay recommends this treatment be performed every two to four months, depending on the severity of the disease.
Periodontal maintenance is advised after periodontal therapy and may continue for the entire life of the patient. The treatment involves removing bacteria from above and below the gumline, performing scaling and root planing on specific sites, and polishing of the teeth. If the disease recurs, surgical intervention may become necessary.
Periodontal maintenance is different from basic periodontal care or prophylaxis, which is purely preventive, and meant to control localized irritation factors before they exacerbate.
Periodontal disease starts with gingivitis, the inflammation of gums caused by bacterial plaque. The condition is marked by symptoms like swollen, irritated, and bleeding gums as well as persistent bad breath. Gingivitis can be reversed by good oral hygiene at home and periodic dental care. However, if allowed to progress, it can lead to much serious periodontitis.
Periodontitis is characterized by irreversible damage to the surrounding soft tissue of the teeth and gums. Deep gum pockets develop between the teeth and gums, causing the gums to recede. Bacteria invade these pockets and spread deeper into the gums and tooth. Eventually, if it goes untreated, periodontitis can result in tooth loss.
It is estimated that over 47 percent of Americans over the age of 30 suffer from chronic periodontitis.
If we determine you have periodontitis, we will develop a treatment plan based on its severity. Some of the treatment options will include:
If you suspect you have gum disease, call us at (425) 738-8476 to schedule an appointment, and we will create a treatment plan for you.